Gender-based violence (GBV) is a human rights violation, a public health challenge, and a barrier to civic, social, political, and economic participation. GBV is recognized as a widespread international public health and human rights issue.
There is need for understanding the meaning of GBV and the relationships between men and women, their access to resources, their activities, and the constraints they face relative to each other. This gender analysis is an essential element of socio-economic analysis that can help solve the problem of Gender-based violence.
Gender-based violence (GBV) is violence directed at an individual based on his or her biological sex, gender identity or expression of socially defined norms of masculinity and femininity. It includes physical, sexual, verbal, emotional, and psychological abuse, threats, coercion, and economic or educational deprivation, whether occurring in public or private life. Gender based violence can be caused by Harmful Gender Norms. Gender stereotypes and are often used to justify violence against women.
Sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) refers to any act that is perpetrated against a person’s will and is based on gender norms and unequal power relationships. It encompasses threats of violence and coercion. Some of the forms of violence perpetrated by individuals are: rape, domestic violence, sexual harassment, reproductive coercion, female infanticide, prenatal sex selection, obstetric violence, and mob violence; as well as harmful customary or traditional practices such as honor killings, dowry violence, female genital mutilation and cutting.
Domestic violence is sometimes called intimate partner violence and it includes physical, sexual, or emotional abuse, as well as sexual coercion and stalking by a current or former intimate partner. An intimate partner is a person with whom you have or had a close personal or sexual relationship. Another form of this abuse is Dowry-related abuse that can occur when the dowry is deemed unsatisfactory by the groom and/or his family. This results in harassment of the bride before, during or after the wedding.
The personal sense of one’s own gender, can be a significant factor with regards to Gender-based violence. Gender identity can correlate with assigned sex at birth or can differ from it. All societies have a set of gender categories that can serve as the basis of the formation of a person’s social identity in relation to other members of society.
Society’s idea of assessing the different implications for people of different genders of any planned policy action, including legislation and programmes, in all areas and levels is referred to as Gender mainstreaming. It usually results to the ascribing to an individual woman or man specific attributes, characteristics, or roles by reason only of her or his membership in the social group of women or men, also known as Gender stereotyping. Once applied by the society, these gender stereotypes may create expectations that are not agreed on and could thus create conflict that usually results to Gender-based violence.
Gender-based violence is a phenomenon deeply rooted in gender inequality, and continues to be one of the most notable human rights violations in Kenya, Zambia and other countries in Africa as well as the rest of the world. Gender-based violence (gbv) stops girls from reaching their potential. We’re working to transform attitudes towards girls and women that perpetuate violence against them.
Although focussing on GBV prevention only may lead to ignoring of survivors, the best way to end violence against women and girls is to prevent it from happening in the first place by addressing its root and structural causes. Prevention should start early in life, by educating and working with young boys and girls promoting respectful relationships and gender equality. Awareness-raising and community mobilization, including through media and social media, is another important component of an effective prevention strategy.
At a national level, UN Women supports a range of prevention activities, supporting research to get data on the attitudes, perceptions and behaviour of men and boys as well as young people related to various forms of violence; supporting advocacy, awareness-raising, community mobilization and educational programmes, as well as legal and policy reforms.
Organizing results-oriented workshops on primary and secondary response to violence against women, targeted across sectors and leading to multi-sectoral plans of action for coordinated responses to this form of violence. This workshop will help develop an awareness of healthy and unhealthy youth relationships and gender-based violence. It will increase our understanding of the impact of dating and sexualized violence on youth. Through the exploration of lessons and strategies to address these issues in the classroom, the workshop will enhance the capacity of schools and educators to encourage healthy youth relationships.
However, given that GBV is linked to gender-based power inequalities, key in GBV prevention are efforts to increase gender equality and transformation of gender norms. Prevention strategies entail a shift from “victims” to “survivors” with a focus on women and girl’s empowerment and agency, efforts to increase women’s political and economic empowerment and sexual and reproductive rights, and to incorporate men and boys in the work place.
Pepper spray is a lachrymatory agent used in policing, riot control, crowd control, and self-defence, including defence against dogs and bears. Since some men are acting like animals, it is time for everyone to arm themselves with a full can of pepper spray and use it to prevent SGBV.
Should women be allowed to legally carry guns, paper spray and knives for self defence to prevent of physical, emotional and Gender Based Violence & intimate partner violence?