What does the Kenyan Constitution say about education and is the government playing its role of educational reform and development?
All people, especially children living, in Kenya have the right to a free public education. The Constitution requires that all kids be given equal educational opportunity regardless of their race, ethnic background, religion, or sex, or whether they are rich or poor. The Ministry of Education is mandated by the Constitution of Kenya, with provisions on children\’s right to free and compulsory basic education, including quality services, and to access education institutions and facilities for persons with disabilities.
Kenya\’s national education system is structured on an 8-4-4 model with eight years of basic education, four years of secondary education and a four-year undergraduate curriculum. Since 1985, public education in Kenya has been based on an 8–4–4 system. Formal schooling begins at the age of six, with compulsory and free basic education running through to the age of 14. Primary education is free and compulsory in Kenya. Secondary education is also free, but not compulsory. Primary education lasts 8 years in Kenya (standards 1 to 8). Pupils are usually 6 years old when they start school, and 14 when they complete their primary education.
The responsibility of Ministry of Education is to draw up strategies, policies and plans for educational reform and development; and to draft relevant rules and regulations, and supervise their implementation. The Constitution of Kenya, in Article 53 (1) (b) state that every child has a right to free and compulsory basic education and Article 55 (a) the State shall take measures, including affirmative action programmes, to ensure that the youth access relevant education and training.
Regardless of all this, Kenya has only 1 university in the overall Times Higher Education World University Rankings: The University of Nairobi, which is also the highest-ranking university in Kenya. University of Nairobi ranks ahead of Kenyatta University, Jomo Kenyatta University of Science and Technology, Masinde Muliro, Egerton and others. Choosing where to study for a degree in Kenya is one of the biggest decisions students have to ever make because it determines the direction of your life, your career, spouse and the people around it.
The current education system is teaching outdated skills designed for the industrial era, and ignoring modern history; a modern history that will dictate the career paths of current students. Lumping our students together and teaching as if they are a single individual and focussing on directing students to conform and not to learn. Another problem is that Education in Kenya is largely paid for and almost entirely administered by governmental bodies or non-profit institutions. How can we change this?