I don’t rely on these statistics because they were compiled in the American Cancer Society Facts & Figures and not a local organisation or institution.
The top 6 most common types of cancers are:
* Lung (2.09 million cases)
* Breast (2.09 million cases)
* Colorectal (1.80 million cases)
* Prostate (1.28 million cases)
* Skin cancer (non-melanoma) (1.04 million cases)
* Stomach (1.03 million cases)
Lung and breast cancers were the most common cancers worldwide, each contributing 12.3% of the total number of new cases diagnosed in 2018. Colorectal cancer was the third most common cancer with 1.8 million new cases in 2018.
Although men and women have different anatomies, they share some similarities in the types of cancers they develop. More than half of new cases of cancer in males are prostate, lung or bowel. The most common types of cancer in men worldwide are prostate, lung, colorectal, bladder, and melanoma. Prostate is the second-leading cause of cancer-related death in men, and an estimated 1 in 6 men.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. Survival rates for breast cancer vary worldwide, but in general rates have improved. In many countries with advanced medical care, the five-year survival rate. Women are also far more likely to develop breast cancer than men, and breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in the United States. While women are more likely to be diagnosed with cancer, more men die from cancer than women due in part to behavioral factors. Women who take hormone therapy medications that combine estrogen and progesterone to treat the signs and symptoms of menopause have an increased risk of breast cancer.
The risk of breast cancer decreases when women stop taking non-prescribed medications. Drinking alcohol increases the risk of breast cancer. Symptoms of breast cancer include a lump in the breast, bloody discharge from the nipple and changes in the shape or texture of the nipple or breast.
The lowest mortality rates for breast cancer are found in China and Japan, with rates of approximately 6% to 7%. By contrast, the mortality rate due to breast cancer tends to average around 20% to 25% in the developed nations of Europe and North America.
Breast cancer is more common in the left breast than the right. The left breast is 5 – 10% more likely to develop cancer than the right breast. The left side of the body is also roughly 5% more prone to melanoma (a type of skin cancer). Nobody is exactly sure why this is.